Rule of Samans ( Somrans ).
Boundaries of The Empire: -
Hindu Kings ruled over parts of Kutch, Gujarat, Bilk Las Belo (Aram Belo), and sea front of Makran, prior to invasion by Arabs over Sind. Sind was still ruled by Somras. The Samans first conquered Kutch and Kathiawar, and later took over Las and Sind.
Kutch Rule: -
According to History of Kutch, King Rai hailed from Jharayjan family. The founder was Jharo Valad Lakhoo, a Samo Rajput, hailing from Nagar Thhata.
Ruler of Jhunagrah: -
Tale of Rai Dhiyach (Rai Diyas) and Surath is well known in Sind.
Rai Dhiyach was ruler of Jhunagrah hailing from Chora Samo Rajputs of Sind. (This information is derived from a volume written by Capt. Wilber Fores Bell, History of Kathiawar.) He had three great honors to his credit. Fulfillment of Commitment (Sukha = Promise), Bravery (Veerta) & Living by his word (Vachan Ji Palna = Honour).
It is said, in the year 1010 A.D., a song sung by a peasant by name of Bijal, a folk singer, brought enchantment to King Rai Dhiyach. King ordered Bijal, "ask what you desire". Bijal replied, "your (Kings) head"! King Rai, true to his word, cut his head and gave it to him.
All Kathiawaris and Sindhis remember this tale, till today. Even "Shah Abdul Latif" Sind's noted poet and writer, has written a poetry in his praise, saying " Pasi Pat Par Thio, Sindu Jadam Jodh". Shah Sahib has called Rai Dhiyach, Jadam. Jadam meaning Jadhoo (Yadhoo). Yadhoo meaning Yadhoovanshi, decedents of Raja Yaddhoo. Shah Sahib thus acknowledges that Sama Rajputs were from Yadhoovanshi family. Shri Krishna was born in this family also.
Rulers of Las Bela: -
Rulers of Las, Runjhas, were from Jaam Unar Khandan ( Family ). Amongst them was one called "Spar", who was blessed,. Many would travel miles to see him to have their wishes (Sukha) granted. He came to be known as "Seer Sakhi". Shah Sahib has praised him in his volumes.
Capital of Samans: -
Samas, rulers of Sind, were known as Yaams. For a while their capital city was located at Vegh Kot and at Tor. Later they shifted from there to Samoey. Which today is a small village, about 3 miles away from Thhata, a town built by Yaam Nandi, between Karachi and Hyderabad. Earlier, the river Indus flowed from there but changed its course again to flow from Kalan Kot and now flows from Thhata.
Yaam Tamachi: -
Yaam Tamachi, also a ruler of Sind, married Gandri, a girl from the fisher folk family due to her beauty. Shah Sahib in his volumes has written about them.
Mystics of Faqirs: -
Seven mystic Faqirs spoke in their mystic ways and predicted future. One of them was:
Meaning, where ever you go River Sindhu, you have danger of changing shore. ( ???????? Hopefully right. ) Their predictions have turned to be true most of the time.
Yaam Odho: -
Yaam Tamachi's brother, Yaam Odho was looking after the affairs of areas of Kakrani (Shah Bunder). It is learnt from history of Kutch that one of the Rani (wife) of Yaam Tamachi, fell in love with Yaam Odho. But Yaam Odho treated and considered her as his mother/sister. This Rani, then made allegations against him to her husband who, sentenced Yaam Odho to extradition from the State.
Yaam Odho left Sind and migrated to Pilani in Kutch and married Hothal Padmani, and had two children ,a son named Jakhro (Jakhri) and an extremely beautiful daughter named Sakhar. Even Shah Sahib has praised her beauty in his volumes.
Shah Sahib has also written about Jakhri calling him Yadham Jakhri as he was like Rai Dhiyach, from (Yadoovanshi family).
Many from Somas and Samrans had converted to Islam, but Yaam Odho and his son Jakhri remained loyal Hindus and prayed to the Sea Lord. Due to this, it is considered that the Hindu Era lasted till the end of Saman Era.
Dal Sabzi for the Aatman
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