History of Hindus in Sindh
Suryavanshis in Sind: -
As you know Ramayana and Mahabharata are most important
Epics of Hinduism. Raja Dhasrat was a Suryavanshi. His capital Ayodhiya was
earlier called Kaushal or Koshal and was divided in two parts. North Koshal,
also referred to as Gaur, and South Koshal. The Brahmins of Gaur are renown.
Rani Kaushiliya, real or blood mother of Shree Ramachandra, was Rajkumari of
Raja Dhasrat’s Kingdom extended from Ayodhiya to Punjab
& Sind on one side, and to Bengal and Madras Tamilnad on the other. It is
believed that either Raja Dhasrat or his elders had won over Aanu Aryans of
Sind. Raja Dhasrat in life time, vacated and handed over the Throne and reigns
of his kingdom to his son, Shree Ramachandra, but his second wife, Rani Kaykai
wanted the Throne for her own son Bharat and succeeded in sending Shree
Ramachandra to 14 years exile.
Shree Ramachandra in Sind: -
According to Hinglaj Pran, Shree Ramachandra, Mata Seeta,
and Laxman, in the course of his exile, visited Hinglaj.
Hinglaj is reachable from Karachi via Sonmayani, and Mount
Harhi. There are till today (1946), wells named after Mata Seeta. Near
Sonmayani are 7 natural wells called Chander Kop or wells of Shree Ramachandra.
Capt. Hart mentions of total 18 Kops or wells. The remaining 11 wells are
located towards Makran, between Keech and Gowadhar.
Ram Sar Talao (Tank) and a garden near it, is called Ram
Baug. It is said Shree Ramachandra had camped here.
Near by Kiyamari in Karachi is a cave on Oyster Rock where
Shree Ramachandra is reported to have meditated, is called Palace of Ram, or
Division of Kingdom: -
From Ramayana, it is learnt that after Raja Dasarth, Shree
Ramachandra inherited Ayodhiya. It is stated in Raghu Vansh (15, 87,) that
Bharat, Shree Ramachandra’s brother, inherited Province of Sind. (Sind Desh).
Shree Ramachandra had two sons. Kash and lava. They were
twins but Kash was considered eldest . After Ramachandra, Kash inherited
Ayodhiya. His descendants were called Vanhans. His brother Lava inherited
northern part of Koshal, and his descendants were called Lahana.
Extension of Sind’s Boundaries: -
Bharat’s two sons, Takash and Pukshar, expanded Sinds
border not only to Gandhar (Kandhar), Peshawar & its surrounding but also
to neighboring country.
Located towards that area was Pushkar with its capital
named Pushkarvati and Taksha with its capital Taksha-sila which historians
have called Taxila. Around year 6 B.C., a University was estalbilished at
Taxila, ruins of which still exist in Rawalpindi District.
Around year 5 B.C. renowned Panni Muni who wrote famous
Sanskrit Grammar " Ashta Dhiyaie ", was also born there.
Period of Mahabharta: -
With the start of Mahabharta war, Dewapur Joog ended, and
in the year 3102 BC, Kal Joog Era began.
Earlier Pundits and Astrologers calculated and predicted
that Kal Joog started on 20th February 3102 B.C. * Albroni, who
visited India in the year 1030 B.C., is also reported to have confirmed this.
*According to the astronomical calculations of the Hindus,
the present period of the world, Kali Yuga, commenced 3,102 years before the
birth of Christ on the 20th February, at 2 hours, 27 minutes and 30
seconds. Count Bjornstjarna:- Theogomy of the Hindus.
Government of Sind: -
During Mahabharata era, Raja Jayadarath of (Aanu) Shavi
family, ruled over Sind. He was also called Saowerak. Area
Multan was also called Sauwerek thus making him a Multani.
The Kalohras reigned over Sind and Multan. Sindhis in
Bombay (Mumbai), till 1947, were referred to as Multanis.
Mention of Sind in Mahabharata: -
Raja Jaidarath, King of Sind, was married to Princes
Dahashala, the only daughter of King Dartrashtr of Hastnapur (Madhya Desh-
Midlands) near Delhi. Duryodhan and other Kaurvas were his brother-in-laws.
Raja Jaidarath sided with his in-laws in a battle against Pandvas. His brave
warriors, mounted on their Sindhi horses, fought at Karkhetar, near Thaneshwar,
According to Mahabharat these Sindhi horses were one of the
best breed. It also praises the gallantry & swords-man-ship of Sindhi and
Sind under Pandva Rule: -
Kaurvas & Raja Jaidarath, were slain in the battle with
Pandvas. Yudeshtr was crowned as King. Punjab, Sind and other areas came under
his rule and he started preparing for battle of Aasho-medh and allowed Aanu
Aryas to govern Sind.
Tradition & Culture: -
Child marriages were not common then. "Svaymwar"
(brides choosing their own husbands) was the custom of Rich, Elite and Royal
families. A man could marry as many wives he could afford. Calling elders by
name was not permitted. Father-in-law was called Arya, mother-in-law, Aryaa.
Husband was called Arya Putar (meaning respectable person’s son). This was
the elite dialogue of those days.
Parda System: -
It is written in Ramayana that after conquering Lanka and
slaying Ravana, Shree Ramachandra liberated Seeta Mata.
There after he ordered his brother Laxman to bring Seeta to
meet his Army. This surprised every one present and wondered how a Lady could
show her face in predominantly male audience!
At this point Merjada Purshotam clearified that in hour of
need, time of wedding and while performing Yaga, there is no bar on women to
be present in presence of other men. (Ramyana, Yud Kand, 28-116).
There was no system of Parda during Rig Ved.
System of covering head In Northern India started with
Tereta Joog period.
In the year 1919-1920, A.D., Free India movement started.
Both Hindus and Muslims joined hands. It is around that time the Amil
Girls stopped covering their heads and other girls soon followed suit.
Culture of Sind (Sabhita): -
God created two Awtars. Shree Ramachandra and Shree
Krishna. Their names are known the word over.
Ramnoami, Dasera, Deepavali etc. are known for Shree
Janamashtmi is known for Shree Krishna.
Purity of Seeta, Courage of Durupati, brotherhood of Ram
and Bharat, is praised in every heart of Hindu.
Living Condition of Janata (Common Man): -
During the Ramayana Era, the rich owned cattle and horses.
A labourer was paid one golden coin for a full day’s
work. Wearing gold bangles, bracelets and jewelry was common.
Mahabharata states that cultivation of grain was
encouraged. Water tanks and wells were dug to preserve water so as to not to
depend on rain. Free seeds, & tools to tilt the land were provided by the
State to the needy. Financial help was given to Craftsmen to buy tools.
In Sanskrit word Prija (Janta) means subjects (citizens).
But in real terms it means Aulad (children). This ancient word reflects that
in gone by days Kings considered their subjects as their children. The word
therefore has, two meanings.
INDIA Abroad: -
Ramayana speaks of Yavan Dveep and Savaran Dveep (Java
& Sumatra in Indonesia). It also speaks of Lohit Sagar (Red Sea). During
Coronation of King Yudshtra, envoy from Rome presented him with Gifts.
Much destruction took place in India during the Mahabharta
war. Many persons from Sind Mather migrated to Abessinia and other places.
People from Midlands migrated to west Asia, Europe and
America and propagated Hinduism.* Thus, Loss of India was Gain to Others.
*HINDU SAPERYARTI by Sharbeet Harbilas Sarda, INDIA IN
GREECE by Pokok Sahib and INDIA IN AMERICA by Sharbeet Chimanlal.
Settlements of Cannibals in Punjab & Sind: -
Towards the end of Dwapur war, some people from Iran
crossed over to Punjab and Sind via Kashmir. They were raw meat eaters. The
Midlander called them PSHACH (Bhoot-Ghost) and their language, Bhoot Basha
(Language of Ghost). These Pshach apparently settled in Laar near Karachi,
where a fishing community called Jhaber, reportedly their descendants, still
live today (1946).
As Sindhis started to intermingle with Pshach, the
Midlanders called Sindh, Malech Desh, meaning State of Cannibals. Visitors to
Sind were required to repent after their return. This resulted in Midlanders
severing their relationship with Punjab and Sind. They were considered ousted
Arya community. This can be said to be start of Kal Joog.